CPT CODE 20552, 20553 TRIGGER POINT INJECTIONS. Medicare guideline.
CPT Codes and Description
Understanding Trigger Point Injection
Trigger point injection is one of many modalities utilized in the management of chronic pain. Myofascial trigger points are self-sustaining hyperirritative foci that may occur in any skeletal muscle in response to strain produced by acute or chronic overload. These trigger points produce a referred pain pattern characteristic for that individual muscle. Each pattern becomes part of a single muscle myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and each of these single muscle syndromes are responsive to appropriate treatment, which includes injection therapy. An injection is achieved with the insertion of a needle and the administration of agents, such as local anesthetics, steroids and/or local inflammatory drugs.
The diagnosis of trigger points requires a detailed history and thorough physical examination. The following clinical symptoms may be present when making the diagnosis:
The goal is to treat the cause of the pain and not just the symptom of pain.
Acupuncture is not a covered service, even if provided for the treatment of an established trigger point. Use of acupuncture needles and/or the passage of electrical current through these needles is not covered (whether an acupuncturist or other provider renders the service).
Medicare does not cover Prolotherapy. Its billing under the trigger point injection code is a misrepresentation of the actual service rendered.
When a given site is injected, it will be considered one injection service, regardless of the number of injections administered.
It is expected that trigger point injections would not usually be performed more often than three sessions in a three month period. If trigger point injections are performed more than three sessions in a three month period, the reason for repeated performance and the substances injected should be evident in the medical record and available to the Contractor upon request.
This contractor may request records when it is apparent that patients are requiring a significant number of injections to manage their pain.
Documentation in the medical record must support the medical necessity and frequency of the trigger point injection(s).
20552, 20553 DX Crossover based on Medical Necessity
M53.82 Other specified dorsopathies, cervical region
M54.5 Low back pain
M54.6 Pain in thoracic spine
M60.80 Other myositis, unspecified site
M60.811 Other myositis, right shoulder
M60.812 Other myositis, left shoulder
M60.819 Other myositis, unspecified shoulder
M60.821 Other myositis, right upper arm
M60.822 Other myositis, left upper arm
M60.829 Other myositis, unspecified upper arm
M60.831 Other myositis, right forearm
M60.832 Other myositis, left forearm
M60.839 Other myositis, unspecified forearm
M60.841 Other myositis, right hand
M60.842 Other myositis, left hand
M60.849 Other myositis, unspecified hand
M60.851 Other myositis, right thigh
M60.852 Other myositis, left thigh
M60.859 Other myositis, unspecified thigh
M60.861 Other myositis, right lower leg
M60.862 Other myositis, left lower leg
M60.869 Other myositis, unspecified lower leg
M60.871 Other myositis, right ankle and foot
M60.872 Other myositis, left ankle and foot
M60.879 Other myositis, unspecified ankle and foot
M60.88 Other myositis, other site
M60.89 Other myositis, multiple sites
M60.9 Myositis, unspecified
M75.80 Other shoulder lesions, unspecified shoulder
M75.81 Other shoulder lesions, right shoulder
M75.82 Other shoulder lesions, left shoulder
M79.11 Myalgia of mastication muscle
M79.12 Myalgia of auxiliary muscles, head and neck
M79.18 Myalgia, other site
Take-away! Remember that these codes CPT 20552, 20553 are NOT billable as unilateral. Modifier 50 (bilateral) will NOT apply. Bill by the number of muscles!
POLICY SOURCE: NOVITAS PART B LCD L35010 TRIGGER POINT INJECTIONS
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Ms. Pinky Maniri-Pescasio is the Founder of GoHealthcare Consulting. She is a National Speaker on Practice Reimbursement and a Physician Advocate. She has served the Medical Practice Industry for more than 25 years as a Professional Medical Practice Consultant.